Global Maker Challenge
Access to modern energy is a basic human need, but for refugees and displaced people access to safe, secure and reliable energy is often inadequate, ineffective and not environmentally friendly. Current practices in refugee camps are damaging and polluting the surrounding environment, because of the excessive use of traditional biomass and kerosene, which is unsafe, unhealthy and inefficient. Sustainable energy solutions can go a long way in emissions savings, and essential changes in camp environments can have many benefits for camp inhabitants, camp operators and hosts, and the overall environment.
Digital Divide and Digital Literacy
Innovation plays a major role in the global development agenda by enabling digital transformation and creating new and improved services for citizens as well as firms in various sectors. As sectors transform and converge by digital technologies, ICT-enabled industries can emerge and accelerate economic development and inclusion. Digital transformation is what happens when innovation is applied to solve problems through the use of ICT and telecommunication technologies. The benefits to a country and its people are immense – significantly increasing productivity, economic growth and employment opportunities. However, the degree to which a country benefits depends on the degree to which stakeholders are able to use ICT innovation to transform various sectors of their economies.
Rural Transformation and Zero Hunger
Progress in eradicating poverty and achieving zero hunger is undermined by alarming gaps in access to natural resources such as land and forests, water and sanitation, and energy among rural populations. Groups such as smallholder farmers, rural women, rural youth, indigenous peoples and landless rural workers continue to be at risk of being left behind. It is critical to place special focus on women, who make up 43 percent of the agricultural sector’s workforce in developing countries. It is also critical to support smallholder farmers and the rural communities in which they live and work as they are central to making progress towards the Zero Hunger goal. The interests of these groups cannot be lost in the context of other interdependent goals, and with improved access to capital, smallholder farmers can grow their yields through increased inputs and by adapting to more efficient technologies and infrastructure.
Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically. Many challenges exist, though, to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure. The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty.